African history gives many interesting perspectives especially in line with world history. There is so much to the story of the African people that you should explore. Taking a look at the highlights of the history of Africa, here are what you can find:

  • Period of migration of people from the continent all over Europe and Asia
  • Ancient civilization
  • The cotton industry, 18th century
  • Abolitionism
  • African empires
  • Homeland of Hannibal
  • Kingdom of Sheba
  • Swahili sultans
  • The slave trade 
  • Independence movements
  • Contemporary

If you are a well-traveled person, visiting the continent of Africa — or the most developed countries like Mauritius, Tunisia, Bostwana, Gabon, and South Africa — should let you stop by museums where you can learn history. The continent has a lot of museums located strategically around. Here’s the list of the best. 

National Geographic

1. Nairobi National Museum, Kenya

Understand the history of Kenya at Nairobi National Museum, with glimpses of the natural and cultural heritage. You will learn the four pillars of the heritage given to this East African country, including a display of contemporary art. 

Find ethnographic artifacts that tell about the ethnic groups of the region and Kenya’s neighboring countries. See weapons, tools, furniture, ornaments, clothing, objects used for ritual, and many more.

Initiated in the early 1900s, this decades-old museum also hosts limited exhibitions that showcase themes of initiation, marriage, and spirituality among the local community. For example, the Cradle of Humankind exhibit presents human existence through fossils.

Visit them at Kipande Rd, Nairobi, Kenya.

Marriott Traveler

2. Apartheid Museum, South Africa

The Apartheid is an event that challenged the political and social systems of South Africa during the time of rule from the white-people minorities. It was a time of widespread racial discrimination against those who are non-Whites, discriminating against the color of their skin and facial features. The year of the Apartheid was between 1948 to the early 1990s. It was more than four decades-long.

There is a museum dedicated to the events that transpired during these times. The Apartheid Museum in Johannesburg, South African exposes the system of racial segregation that happened then. The museum was founded in the early 2000s and presents 22 spacious display of works of art that narrate the stories of freedom struggle, racial tensions, and oppression. If you visit South Africa, be sure to include this in your checklist.

Visit them at Northern Park Way and Gold Reef Rd, Johannesburg, 2001, South Africa.

Egypt Today

3. Egyptian Museum, Egypt

Looking at world history, you are sure to find Egypt. It has a bountiful of stories from its ancient period toward contemporary scenarios. Since it holds this reputation, it has a wide selection fo museums in various places in the country. One of the must-visits is the Egyptian Museum in Cairo, which houses an extensive set of antiques from the time of the pharaohs. 

Feel like you are on a time travel back in history, seeing more than 100,000 artifacts and artworks from pre-historic times through the ancient Roman period. It focuses on the achievements of the pharaohs throughout the era, with treasures uncovered from King Tutankhamun’s tomb, Fayum portraits, ancient tomb contents, mummies, and jewelry.  

Visit them at Tahrir Square Road, Tahrir Square, Egypt

Nations Online

4. House Of Slaves, Senegal

Many of the museums in Africa are partially run from investments in the Western world. In Senegal, House Of Slaves tells visitors about one of the most tumultuous pasts in African history. At Gorée Island in Senegal, there are around 20 slave houses built during the slave trade across the Atlantic. Most of these were ruined and only one house stands today.

The House Of Slaves first opened in the 1960s, the actual site where African slaves were captured and traded to the New World. Taking a closer look at it, you will see the cells built during these years, with iron shackles still intact, the spaces that kept men, women, and children in appalling situations. They would stay here before being shipped to the Americas. It also talks about the well-renowned “Door Of No Return” or the cells where every caught African who attempted to escape would face a brutal scenario. Personalities like Nelson Mandela and former U.S. president Barack Obama have seen the place. 

Visit them at Dakar, Senegal


5. Children’s Civilization and Creativity Center, Egypt

Even children should be able to learn history. There’s another must-visit museum in Cairo, Egypt dedicated to children. It is a relatively new museum opened to the general public in 2012. 

It will take them through an interactive journey at the Nile, and how it changed through the years. They also will learn more about the early man, modern animals, dinosaurs, and more of Egyptian history. 

Aside from historical data, there are also departments in the museum that tell about science and astronomy. Outside the building, they can take pictures of themselves in the background of butterflies and living birds. Also, they can participate in an outdoor excavation activity area.

Visit them at Abou Bakr El-Sedeek, El-Bostan, Heliopolis, Cairo Governorate, Egypt.

The tourism in the continent is booming. Including these museums on your trip to the African continent will enrich your knowledge about its history. They are also great side-trips to your travels so you can fully enhance your experience touring various countries in Africa.